Help essay writing degree level format tool
Normally, when writing an essay at university you will be expected to use only academic sources. The following learning guide on source credibility will help you to determine whether an external source is academic or not. The chocolate essay uses the APA style of referencing, which is easy to distinguish from the Harvard Author-Date System, as the format is different: In that case the information comes before the help essay writing degree level format tool. Such citations are called information-centred citations. When the focus is more on who is saying it then the citation is written like this: Such citations are called author-centred citations.
Degree level and achieve a balance between both types of in text-references in your essay writing. Reference list In the APA style of referencing, the reference list has certain conventions wriging you must also follow. Here are some examples from writkng chocolate essay: Include your in-text citations and reference list as part of your first draft. Redrafting your essay Leave yourself enough time to look at your essay more than once. For a word essay you need at least three days to redraft your essay. Always save each draft as a separate file; then you can see how your essay develops and improves.
Here are the sorts of questions you degreee ask yourself: You can also look at other checklists such as this one on editing your own work. Now compare the above with the final draft: Since Spanish explorers brought back chocolate from the new world, chocolate consumption has become a worldwide phenomenon. At first, chocolate, a derivative of the cacao bean, was consumed as a drink, only later achieving mass popularity in tablet or bar form. The realities of chocolate are more down to earth; a number of these realities will be addressed in this essay. Chocolate has chemical properties that can influence mood and there is possible evidence for some positive impacts of chocolate on cardiovascular health.
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Yet, such positive attributes are counterbalanced somewhat by the argument that, in some instances, chocolate can be viewed as a drug rather than a food. Moreover, there is the possibility of some correlation between over-consumption of chocolate and obesity. Help essay writing degree level format tool your time and be careful when redrafting—it will be worth it!
How do you write in an academic way? Imagine your essay as a kind of story. You are esssay principal storyteller, the internal voice of the writer, leading the reader through to your conclusion.
During the story, there are different voices that appear from time to time. These are the external voices citations that add click here to your story, providing detail and support for what you are saying and sometimes even giving an alternative perspective. The external voices can be divided into two categories in your essay: The reader needs to know at all times whose voice they are hearing. Is it your internal voice or the external voice of other authors?
The internal voice of the writer is colour-coded in yellow; the indirect external voices of other authors i. This is a balanced paragraph. The writer sets the scene at the beginning of the topic sentence and also links together all of help essay writing degree level format tool sentences, using their own voice to lead into content which is provided by the external voices.
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That is something your lecturers do not want to see. When you are drafting your paragraphs, use a colour-coding system like the one used here. It will help you ensure your academic voice is clear! When you get more confident in using external sources, you will gradually expand the language of your critical internal voice. The Phrasebank website at Manchester University provides examples of some more expressions to use when assessing external sources.
Editing focuses on the big picture elements such as overall structure, appropriate paragraphing and whether the question has been answered. Proofreading has a micro-focus on the details of your essay, such as formatting, grammar and punctuation. Everybody has their own personal style of editing and proofreading. Some people proofread alone; some get other people involved. Having others involved is a really good idea.
Fresh eyes can help you find things you might not otherwise have seen. Here are some things to wrting when degrfe and editing: The Purdue OWL website has even more detail on the proofreading process.
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Students regularly underestimate the time it takes to write an essay, in particular the planning and researching stages. Help essay writing degree level format tool you begin your essay, have a look at the Massey University assignment planning calculator. You might be surprised how long the whole process takes! As you can see from the assignment planning calculator, if you only start your essay a few days before the due date, you will have to do things too quickly. To write a word essay, ideally you should allow yourself about 3 weeks. Have a look at another model to see what you also need to consider: Here is the final version of the chocolate essay.
You can also download it as a pdf document. Moreover, Scholey and Owen in a systematic review of the literature in the field point to several studies, such as Macht and Dettmer and Macht and Muellerwhich appear to confirm this effect. Yet, as Parker, Parker and Brotchiep. Another possible positive influence of chocolate is upon cardiovascular health. The key to maximising the benefits of flavanols in chocolate appears to lie in the level of fats present.
Cocoa, which is simply chocolate minus the fat, is the most obvious candidate for maximising heart health, but as Hannum, Schmitz and Keen note, most cocoa products are made through an alkali process which destroys many flavanols. The biological makeup of chocolate is also relevant in determining whether chocolate is better viewed as a food or a drug, but the boundaries between indulgence and addictive behaviour are unclear. This is perhaps indicative of addictive or compulsive type behaviour. However, as Bruinsma and Taren note, eating chocolate can represent a sensory reward based, luxurious indulgence, based around texture, aroma and flavour anticipation, rather than a neurochemically help essay writing degree level format tool craving.
Yet, it has been argued that chocolate is sometimes used as a form of self-medication, particularly in relation to magnesium deficiency.
You need to read every single word of it, and to squeeze out as much guidance you can from the title. If i stay chapter 9 summary. But what does this actually mean? Some people proofread alone; some get other people involved. Racism research paper writing resume format for experienced teacher fifth grade essay topics successful research paper writing teaching research paper writing. Best pilot resume opposing viewpoints argumentative essays academic paper writing agencies. Entry level technical writing cover letter technology invasion of privacy essay.
This correlates with earlier studies by Abraham and Lubranwho found a high correlation between magnesium deficiency and nervous tension in women. Thus, tension-related chocolate cravings could be a biological entity fuelled by magnesium deficiency. Help essay writing degree level format tool, however, it would appear that the proportion of people using chocolate as a drug rather than a food based sensory indulgence is small, though further research might prove enlightening.
A final point to consider in relation to chocolate is leel perception that chocolate is linked to obesity. A person is defined as being obese when their Body Mass Index is greater than The literature on chocolate and obesity has clearly demonstrated that there are no specific correlations between the two variables Beckett, ; Lambert, This is typified by the findings of Mellorwho found that, over a period of eight weeks of eating 45 grams of chocolate per day, a group of adults demonstrated no significant weight increase.
As Lambert notes, chocolate consumption alone is not likely to cause obesity, unless large amounts of other calorie dense foods are consumed and this calorie dense intake is greater than needed for bodily function, bearing in mind levels of activity. Obesity and chocolate consumption seemingly have no proven correlations. Yet, in this essay, many chocolate focused arguments have been presented, including the transient effect of chocolate on mood and dgeree fact that it is as likely to create feelings of guilt as of well-being.
Another possible positive dimension to chocolate is a correlation with cardiovascular health. Whether chocolate is a food or a drug is also unclear.
The literature outlines the chemical properties of chocolate which could help explain some addictive type behaviour, particularly in regards to nervous tension in women, but there is also a strong research focus on chocolate as a sensory-based indulgence. It can therefore be said that chocolate is not a healthy food, but can be enjoyed as part of a healthy and help essay writing degree level format tool diet and lifestyle.
Check this with your lecturer if you are in any doubt. Serum and red cell click levels in patients with premenstrual tension. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 34 11 Chocolate and cardiovascular health: Is it too good to be true?
That is something your lecturers do not want to see. As you can see from the assignment planning calculator, if you only start your essay a few days before the due date, you will have to do things too quickly. Help with sociology essay how to properly write a letter to a judge. What reading help essay writing degree level format tool I need to do? We gave some of the reasons for this before: It is so much more than that, and done properly, can mean the difference between a pass and a fail.
Nutrition Reviews, lecel 12 The science of chocolate. Royal Society of Chemistry. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 99 10 Show me the science! Nutrition Today, 37 3 Nutrition and health aspects of chocolate. Everyday mood and emotions after eating a chocolate bar or an apple. Appetite, 46 3 Immediate effects of chocolate on experimentally induced mood states. Appetite, 49 3 Mood modulation by food: British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 34 1 The effects of polyphenol rich chocolate on cardiovascular risk and glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus Doctoral dissertation, University of Hull, UK.
Mood state effects of chocolate.