Best essay in the world at war
Jackson World War II was the central event of the twentieth century. It involved all six major continents, all three of the great oceans on the planet, scores of countries, and billions of people. It caused 57 million deaths and unimaginable human suffering.
It brought about the redrawing of national boundaries in Europe and Asia, forced the relocation of many ethnic groups, made millions of families homeless, and led to the virtual annihilation of the Jewish population of Europe. And population centers that had mostly avoided the worst of the death and destruction continued to see poverty and hunger linger for years after bst surrender documents had been signed.
It was a fatal miscalculation. The German first gest consisted of machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to detect from the air. High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and concrete machine-gun emplacements which the infantry had to assault. At about the same time, newspapers published an intercepted telegram from German foreign minister Arthur Zimmermann, proposing a German-Mexican alliance against the United States. This has given the war, especially the war in the west, its enduring image of boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the lives of their men in fruitless pursuit of impossibly grandiose strategic designs.
Meanwhile, the prisoners and the wounded, making their way back to wives, sweethearts, parents, and children, often after an absence of many years, would carry the cost of the conflict with them for the rest of their lives. A World at War There is no one date that can be said to mark the beginning of the greatest of global conflicts.
Inthe Japanese army invaded Manchuria, a northern province of China. In Julythe Japanese moved again, this time directly against the Nationalist regime ag Chiang Kai-shek. The atrocities that followed shocked the world. Meanwhile, inGerman Chancellor Adolf Hitler moved aggressively into the Rhineland, previously a demilitarized zone, and inhe incorporated Czechoslovakia essat Austria into the Third Reich. By this time, the Western source was fully alert to the menace of the fanatically ambitious and confident Fuhrer.
Then, in the early morning hours of September 1,Hitler sent his armies into Poland. Two days later, France and Great Britain declared war on Germany. Within a matter of weeks the Soviet Union, which had recently signed a non-aggression treaty with Hitler, attacked Poland from the east.
Within a month, Polish resistance collapsed, and Warsaw fell. World War II had begun. In general, the American people did not want to have any part in a European war. They felt protected by great oceans on both sides of the North American continent.
Old factories were expanded and modernized, and giant new ones sprang up as if by magic, especially in the Best essay in the world at war and West. Click here to do best essay in the world at war now! What medical developments occurred during and after the war? Turkey surrendered on 31 October Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and its rich supplies of wheat and oil did much to keep Germany in the war for another two years. Maude's forces captured Baghdad in Marchthe first clear-cut British victory of the war. It was imperative not only that the Allies win the war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power.
And they felt that, in World War I, American boys had fought and bled in France mostly to make fortunes for munitions makers and arms merchants. But the three Axis powers made astonishing gains in the years before the Pearl Harbor attack. After taking over Norway and neutralizing Sweden, the Nazis turned their here to the big prize.
Early in the morning of May 10,Hitler launched a blitzkrieg or lightning war against France, whose army had previously been considered the finest in the world. The revolutionary nature of the German offensive, generally credited to the brilliant strategist, Field Marshal Erich von Manstein, was to concentrate all available tanks into a few specialized and highly source armored divisions rather than to spread them out evenly among infantry units.
These panzer formations were to smash holes in the enemy line and then break out into link rear, creating havoc on the roads and, supported by Luftwaffe dive bombers, preventing the Allies from plugging the gaps. They did read article by attacking through the dense Ardennes forests in Luxembourg and southern Belgium, crossing the Meuse River long before the Allied high command had thought possible.
The British and French armies actually had more and better tanks than the attackers, but new strategic and tactical concepts carried the contest. The German tank columns swept everything before them, and the French defenses soon collapsed. In fact, the almost total collapse of the proud French army in May remains one of the most incredible events in all of military history.
The British Expeditionary Force, which had been sent in to help defend France from the Wehrmacht, was cut off when German panzer divisions cut west toward the world English Channel, effectively isolating more thanAllied troops. But at the end of Juneessentially all of western Europe was under the control of Berlin. Hitler expected Great Britain, his only remaining foe, to recognize the superiority of German arms and to remove itself from active involvement in Europe.
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After all, he best essay in the world at war, Germany sought lebensraum or growing space in the east and had no intention of dismantling the British Empire. Why not just divide the world? Why would the Anglo-Saxons not be content best essay in the world at war their vast holdings in Asia, on the other side of the world? When London refused to capitulate or to do the sensible thing, the Fuhrer unleashed the Luftwaffe on the English homeland, expecting that its heavy blows would see more Churchill to his senses.
Meanwhile, Italy, not satisfied with its conquest of Ethiopia in —, turned its attention toward Greece. And Japan expanded its military operations in China. Inhowever, Hitler made a colossal blunder. He had not defeated Great Britain, and yet he was turning his armies to the east, initiating a two-front war.
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The eastern front, which involved hundreds of combat divisions stretched over thousands of miles of windswept terrain, would turn out to be a human furnace that consumed soldiers as hungrily as steam engines consume coals. Germany essentially bled to death in Russia, as four-fifths of all Wehrmacht soldiers who perished in the war died while fighting the Red Army.
For the Soviet Union, the carnage was even worse. Roosevelt followed the news of fighting in Europe with obvious concern.
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Moreover, many ethnic Americans were not anxious to help the British. German Americans and Italian Americans, for example, while loyal to the United States, were also proud that Hitler and Mussolini had restored pride and confidence to their homelands, while Irish Americans, long hostile to the government in London, did not want to go to war to advance the interests of the hated English. They also knew that when brown-shirted, Nazi thugs attacked Jewish businesses and synagogues, best essay in the world at war Berlin government had done nothing to protect its Jewish citizens.
FDR was of course aware of these cross-currents. And he also knew that if Germany ever controlled all of Europe, its power would be colossal. So, sometimes quietly, sometimes forcefully, he moved his nation to a state of greater preparedness.
- WW1 was also nicknamed total war because it involved all the major powers in Europe.
- The Allied counter-offensive began in July.
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On Hest 19,he signed into law the largest shipbuilding program in American history, one that would essentially double the size of the already impressive United Read more Navy. Marshall, began to grow to a size more appropriate to a great power. Also inthe President took the momentous step of federalizing the National Guard of all the states.
If the Best essay in the world at war republic was ever to be dragged into the conflict, Roosevelt wanted the nation to be ready. Japanese Ambitions Japanese leaders felt that they were being unfairly held back by the United States, Great Britain, and the Netherlands, which together controlled most of the natural resources, especially oil, to the south of Japan, in now known as Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam, and the Philippines.
Essentially, the Western powers said they would not send scrap iron and sell resources to the Japanese if their government did not remove its troops from China and renounce its ambitions there.
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Why should the proud Japanese, with their centuries of tradition, their modern navy, and their ambitions for worod glory, give up their dreams because those dreams did not fit with the wishes of white Westerners. They wanted their own empire and their own seat at the table among the great nations of the world. So, the Tokyo government would have to seize the resources it needed, which meant certain war with the West.
But in which wad would the Japanese move? Essentially, they had three options. But Japan needed oil and rubber quickly, and those resources were not easily available to the north. This strategy had a good probability of success, but the Japanese supply lines to the Indian Ocean rhe have to run past the US-controlled Philippine Islands. Thus, the Rising Sun had to take the third and militarily worst option—a direct strike against the United States—the one country with the natural resources, the population size, and the industrial capacity to crush Japan.
It would require a bold and audacious attack on the United States Pacific Fleet, which President Roosevelt had recently redeployed from its home port in San Diego to its best essay in the world at war operating base at Pearl Harbor in the Hawaiian Islands. Such an assault would require meticulous planning, intense training, absolute secrecy, and complete surprise.
Fortunately for the Japanese, in Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, commander in chief of the Combined Fleet, they had the perfect leader. His plan was to first cripple the American fleet and then to force a gigantic naval battle somewhere in the vast Pacific. Its aircraft carriers managed to cross the Pacific Ocean without being spotted, and its torpedo and dive bombers achieved complete surprise against the sleeping American fleet.
All eight American battleships were disabled or sent to the bottom, as were dozens of smaller vessels. More than a thousand sailors died on the USS Arizona alone, and they represented less than half of the Navy losses that day. By contrast, the Japanese attackers lost only a few pilots and planes, and no ships. Admiral Yamamoto had every reason to be proud. He had only two reasons for immediate concern. First, the three large American aircraft carriers attached to the Pacific Fleet were not in Pearl Harbor, but were at sea on a practice mission, and the Japanese aviators could not find them.
Second, Yamamoto had not thought to order his pilots to blow up the giant oil tanks and fuel storage facilities that dotted the area around Pearl Harbor. Despite his great victory, he thought the Japanese had simply awakened a sleeping giant. Few Americans had ever been to Japan, and fewer still cared about it one way or the other.
The next day, a Monday, President Roosevelt spoke before a joint session of Congress. The Fuhrer made many miscalculations during the war; perhaps this was his biggest mistake. President Roosevelt was happy that the United States was in the war, bedt in fact, he had manipulated the Japanese into firing the first shot. But he had expected the initial Japanese attack to be against the Philippines, not on a presumably impregnable naval base in the middle of a huge ocean. He was shocked by what happened at Pearl Harbor, and was horrified by the destruction of his battleships and the devastating number of deaths on December 7.
But the American nation could make up such human and material losses. And the President knew how to funnel national anger at Japan into a much more critical war against Germany. FDR understood better than his countrymen worls Germany was the greater threat and that Japan could be dealt with almost at leisure. When he heard of the Pearl Harbor disaster, hhe actually breathed a sigh of relief, noting in his wartime diary: Immediately, the nation launched the greatest industrial expansion in human history.
Within months, new orders for munitions, uniforms, and combat vehicles absorbed the remaining unemployed workers from the Tye Depression. Old factories were expanded and modernized, and giant new ones sprang up as if by magic, especially in the South and West. Outside Detroit, the Chrysler Tank Arsenal produced the tanks and armored vehicles that would become the spearheads of General George S.
In the skies American dominance was clear. In Washington State and in Kansas, Boeing built the great four-engine, strategic bomber fleets that destroyed entire cities.
As early asAmerican factories were already churning out 48, airplanes, more than Germany and Japan combined. Byassembly lines in southern Yhe, Seattle, and Long Island were producing almostaircraft, a total greater than the combined output of Germany, Japan, and the British Empire. Statistics for trucks, jeeps, landing ships, artillery pieces, and self-propelled guns were almost as dramatic.
Perhaps the most incredible numbers were put up at sea. Bythe United States Navy was larger and more powerful than the navies of best essay in the world at war other countries put together.
- The rise of nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and authority.
- Enormous losses had been inflicted on France.
- Nationalism was center to both of the causes of these wars.
The Bath Iron Works in Maine produced more destroyers than all of Japan, while the Kaiser shipyards in California proved able to build an entire Victory ship, from beginning to end, in a mere seventy-two hours.