Example of writing an argument essay
Scoring Guide The sample essays that follow were written in response to the prompt that appears below. The rater commentary that follows each sample essay explains how the response meets the criteria for that score.
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For a more complete understanding of the criteria for each score point, see the "Analyze an Argument" Scoring Guide. In surveys Mason City residents rank water sports swimming, boating and fishing among their favorite recreational activities. For years there have been complaints from residents about the quality of the river's water and the river's smell. In response, the state has recently announced plans to clean up Mason River. Eriting of the river for water sports is therefore sure to increase.
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The city government should for that reason devote more money in this year's budget to example of writing an argument essay recreational facilities. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. All responses are reproduced exactly as wirting, including errors, misspellings, etc. Essay Response — Score 6 While it may be true that the Mason City government ought to devote more money to riverside recreational example of writing an argument essay, this author's argument does not make a cogent case for increased resources based on river use.
It is easy to understand why city residents would want a cleaner river, but this argument is rife with holes and assumptions, and thus, not strong enough to lead to increased funding. Citing surveys of city residents, the author reports city resident's love of water sports. It is not clear, example of writing an argument essay, the scope and validity of that survey. For example, the survey could have asked residents if they prefer using the river for water sports or go here like to see a hydroelectric dam built, which may have swayed residents ot river sports.
The sample may not have been representative of city residents, asking only those residents who live upon the river. The survey may have been 10 pages long, with 2 questions dedicated to river sports. We just do not know. Unless the survey is fully representative, valid, and reliable, it can not be used to effectively back the exaple argument. Additionally, the author implies that residents do not use the river for swimming, boating, and fishing, despite their professed interest, because the water is polluted and smelly.
While a polluted, smelly river would likely cut down on river sports, a concrete connection between the resident's lack of river use "example of writing an argument essay" the river's current state is not effectively made. Though there have been complaints, we do not know if there have been numerous complaints from a wide range of people, or perhaps from one or two individuals who made numerous complaints.
Building upon the implication that residents do not use the river due to the quality of the river's water and the smell, the author suggests that a river clean up will result in increased river usage. If the river's water quality and smell result from problems which can be cleaned, this may be true.
For example, if the decreased water quality and aroma is caused by pollution by factories along the river, click conceivably could be this web page. But if the quality and aroma results from the natural mineral deposits in the water or surrounding rock, this may not be true.
There are some bodies of water which emit a strong smell of sulphur due to the geography of the area. This is not something likely to be afffected by a clean-up. Consequently, a river clean up may have no impact upon river usage. Regardless of whether the river's read more is able to be improved or not, the author does not effectively show a connection between water quality and river usage.
A clean, beautiful, safe river often adds to a city's property values, leads to increased tourism and revenue from those who come to take advantage of the river, and a better overall quality of life for residents. For these reasons, city government may decide to invest in improving riverside recreational facilities.
While the focus is mainly on your side, there is also a discussion regarding the opposing side that goes example of writing an argument essay beyond a single sentence or a paragraph. Conclusions Conclusions wrap up what you have been discussing in your paper. Finally, freedom of speech is the most important human right that every individual has the right to exercise. Likewise, the author is optimistic regarding the state promise to clean the river. The blame can not be soley be placed on the city park department. Before you example of writing an argument essay off into the sunset and source my outline template, make sure that you are following the guidelines specific to your course.
However, this author's argument is not likely significantly persuade the city goverment to allocate increased funding. Rater Commentary for Essay Response — Example of writing an argument essay 6 This insightful response identifies important assumptions and thoroughly examines their implications. The essay shows that the proposal to spend more on riverside recreational facilities rests on three questionable assumptions, namely: For example, paragraph 2 points out that the survey might this web page have used a representative sample, might have offered limited read more, and might have contained very few questions on water sports.
Paragraph 3 examines the tenuous connection between complaints and limited use of the river for recreation. Complaints about water quality and odor may be coming from only a few people and, even if such complaints are numerous, other completely different factors may be much more significant in reducing river usage.
Finally, paragraph 4 explains that certain geologic features may prevent effective river clean-up. Details such as these provide compelling support. In addition, careful organization ensures that each new point builds upon the previous ones. For example, note the clear transitions at the beginning of paragraphs 3 and 4, as well as the logical sequence of sentences within paragraphs specifically paragraph 4. Although this essay does contain minor errors, it still conveys ideas fluently.
Note the effective word choices e. In addition, sentences are not merely varied; they link display skillful embedding of subordinate elements. Since this response offers cogent examination of the argument and conveys meaning skillfully, it earns a score of 6. Essay Response — Score 5 The author of this proposal to increase the budget for Mason City riverside recreational facilities offers an interesting argument but to move forward on the proposal would definitely require more information and thought.
While the correlations stated are logical and probable, there may be hidden factors that prevent the City from diverting resources to this project. For example, consider the survey rankings among Mason City residents. The thought is that such high regard for water sports will translate into usage. But, survey responses can hardly be used as indicators of actual behavior. Many surveys conducted after the winter holidays reveal people who list exercise and weight loss as a top priority.
Yet every profession does not equal a new gym membership. Even the wording of the survey results remain ambiguous and vague. While water sports may be among the residents' favorite activities, this allows for many other favorites. What remains unknown is the priorities of the general public. Do they favor these water sports above a softball field or soccer field? Are they willing to sacrifice the municipal golf course for better riverside facilities? Indeed the survey hardly provides enough information to discern future use of improved facilities.
Closely linked to the surveys is the bold assumption that a cleaner river will result in increased usage. While it is not illogical to expect some increase, at what level will people begin to use the river?
The answer to this question requires a survey to find out the reasons our residents use or do not use the river. Is river water quality the primary limiting factor to usage or the lack of docks and piers? Are people more interested aj water sports than the recreational activities that they are already engaged in? These questions will help the city government forecast how much river usage will increase and to assign a proportional increase to the budget. Likewise, the author is optimistic regarding the state promise to clean the river. We need to hear the source eriting the voices and consider any ulterior motives.
Is this a campaign year and the plans a campaign promise from the esample representative? What is the timeline for the clean-up effort? Will the state fully fund this project? We can imagine the misuse of funds in renovating the riverside facilities only to watch the new buildings fall into dilapidation while the state drags the river clean-up.
Last, the author does not consider where these additional funds will be diverted from. The current budget situation must be assessed to determine if this increase can be afforded. In a sense, the City may not be willing to draw money away from other key projects from road improvements to schools and education. The author naively example of writing an argument essay that the money can simply appear without forethought on where it will come from. Examining all the various angles and factors involved with improving riverside recreational facilities, the argument does not justify increasing the budget.
While the proposal does highlight a possibility, more information is required to warrant any action. Rater Commentary for Essay Response — Score 5 Each paragraph in the body of this perceptive essay identifies and examines an unstated assumption that is crucial to the argument. The major assumptions discussed are: For example, paragraph 2 points out vagueness arbument the wording of the survey: Even if water sports rank among the favorite recreational activities of Mason City residents, other example of writing an argument essay may still be much more popular.
Thus, if the first assumption proves unwarranted, the argument to fund riverside facilities — rather than soccer fields or golf courses — becomes much weaker. Paragraph 4 considers several reasons why river clean-up plans may not be successful the plans may be nothing more than campaign promises or funding may not be adequate.
Thus, the weakness of the third assumption undermines the argument that river recreation will increase and riverside improvements will be needed at all. Instead of dismissing each assumption in isolation, this response places them in a logical order and considers their connections.
Note the appropriate transitions between and within paragraphs, clarifying the links among the assumptions e. Along with strong development, this response also displays facility with language. Minor errors in punctuation are present, but word choices are apt and sentences suitably varied in pattern and length. The response uses a number of rhetorical questions, but the implied answers are always clear enough to support the points being made.
Thus, the response satisfies all requirements for a score of 5, but its development is not thorough or compelling enough for a 6. Essay Response example of writing an argument essay Score 4 The problem with the arguement is the assumption that if the Mason River were cleaned up, that people would use it for water sports and recreation. This is not necessarily true, as people may rank water sports among their favorite recreational activities, but that does not mean that those same people have the financial ability, time or equipment to pursue those interests.
However, even if the writer of the arguement is correct in assuming that the Mason River will be used more by the city's residents, the arguement does not say why the recreational facilities need more money. If recreational facilities already exist along the Mason River, why should the city allot more money example of writing an argument essay fund them? If the recreational facilities already in existence will be used more in the coming years, then they will be making more money for themselves, eliminating the need for the city government to devote more money to them.
According to the arguement, the reason people are not using the Mason River for water sports is because of the smell and the quality of water, not because the recreational facilities are unacceptable. If the city government alloted more money to the recreational facilities, then the budget is being cut from some other important city project.
Also, if the assumptions proved unwarranted, and more people did not use the river for recreation, then much money has been wasted, not argu,ent the money for the recreational facilities, but also the money that was used to clean up the river to attract more people in the first place. Rater Commentary for Essay Response — Score example of writing an argument essay This competent response identifies two unstated assumptions: